Sunday, 28 September 2014

Why we need a new anti-war coalition of the left and right

The subject of World War 1, its legacy and the new series of US-led wars of aggression which have marked the era of turbo-globalization, was discussed in depth at the International Science and Public Conference “The Great War and the Beginning of a New World: An up-to-date agenda for Humankind,” which was held in Belgrade, the capital city of Serbia, where World War I started 100 years ago. Scientists, experts and public figures from 15 countries attended and speakers gave their perspectives on both World War I and the current global situation. The speakers came from both the left and the right of the political spectrum, but nearly everyone agreed that the consequences of World War I are still with us today – and that the global position was at least just as dangerous as it had been in 1914. This year we have already seen the Israeli military assault on Gaza, which cost the lives of over 2,000 people. Thousands have been killed or injured too in Ukraine, following a western-backed anti-constitutional coup against a democratically-elected president and government. Neocon hawks have been at the forefront of the propaganda campaign to demonize Russia and use the Ukraine crisis as pretext to start an economic Cold War war with Moscow and build up NATO forces in Eastern Europe. In Syria, according to UN figures, around 191,000 people have lost their lives in the conflict, which has been deliberately stoked up by the western powers and their regional allies. And now the US and its allies are going to war against the “monster” Islamic State, which their own interventionist policies in the Middle East have enabled. War, war and more war is all the western elites seem able to offer us – and it was against this rather depressing backdrop of international instability and conflict that the conference met. From India, Supreme Court advocate and chair of the Indo-Arab Solidarity Council, Professor Bhim Singh, reminded the conference how many of today’s problems in the Middle East were a direct consequence of the broken promises made during World War I to the Arab people for independence by the British, and the so-called “Balfour declaration” which pledged British support for the establishment of a “national home for the Jewish people” in Palestine. Professor Singh said that ordinary people throughout the world – including in the western countries – do not want more war, but the problem is the western elites. The current Cold War with Russia, and the deceitful propaganda and lies on which it was based, was also discussed by many speakers. Russian Deputy Foreign Minister Alexey Meshkov warned that the “vicious” attempt to isolate Russia could lead to the same sort of global catastrophe as which occurred in 1914, but stressed that Russia was committed to the peaceful resolution of conflicts. We live in truly Orwellian times, I reflected, when Russia, which has worked for peaceful diplomatic solutions to the crises in Ukraine and Syria – and whose adroit diplomacy prevented a US-led war against a government fighting Islamic State last summer, is portrayed as the “aggressor” by the people who have been serially targeting independent countries. Vaclav Klaus, the former Czech prime minister and president, told the conference: “The Great War shattered the traditional values and traditions in a much deeper way than ‘only’ enabling the emergence of Nazism and Communism.” He said that when Communism “melted down’ 25 years ago, everyone supposed that the skies would be blue forever. “When we look at the current world, we – or at least some of us – don´t see the blue skies anymore. We see other, in many respects, similarly dangerous tendencies.” A potential future war will be more like the first world war than the second one, Klaus warned. “It will not be based on any grandiose plan. It will not be started by terrorists, by radical Islamists, Taliban, or other similar “bad guys”. It will be started by people in black ties or fancy business attires, it will be started in Europe if the people of Europe continue looking astray or closing their eyes.” (The full version of Vaclav Klaus’s speech can be read here. James Bissett, the Canadian Ambassador to Yugoslavia from 1989-92, said he had been an old Cold War warrior and had been “very proud of NATO.” But he said how all that changed in the 1990s and talked of the significance of the illegal NATO bombing of Yugoslavia, which ushered in a new era of lawlessness. Not only did the attack not have UN Security Council approval, it was also against NATO’s own Article 1 which said that it the NATO countries must “refrain from the threat or use of force in any manner inconsistent with the purposes of the United Nations.” “Article 1 was changed, but not officially, by Bill Clinton in 1999,” Bissett said. Since the bombing of Yugoslavia we have seen attack after attack on independent sovereign states by the US and its allies. The list of countries targeted, I noted in my speech, included, among others, Yugoslavia, Afghanistan, Iraq, Iran, Belarus, Sudan, Libya, Syria and now Russia. I stressed how the “first step” in the war against these independent countries is economic warfare – the imposition of sanctions, with Russia the latest target. I also talked about the other steps which Washington and its allies take against a “target country” – including the generous funding of opposition groups, the backing of terrorist proxies – and the propaganda war – which involves demonization of the country’s leader who is labelled “The New Hitler”. Finally, if Washington and its allies’ objectives have not been achieved by the other steps, a full-scale military assault on the country will take place. I said that we have to understand that what is going on today is fundamentally a war on democracy – an attempt to prevent independent, sovereign countries in strategically important parts of the world from following their own path. Speakers did not just explain what is happening today but offered solutions on how we can derail the ongoing war against sovereign states. “What is the way out of this dialectic?” asked Jean Bricmont, Fellow of the Royal Academy of Sciences of Belgium. He called for the citizens of the West “to mobilize themselves against their governments and their media in order to stop the current madness.” The modern doctrine of “humanitarian intervention,” which has been used to justify attacks on sovereign states by the US and its allies, was in fact an old imperialistic project dressed up as something new and “progressive.” To counter the serial warmongers Bricmont suggested the idea of “institutionalized pacifism.” “Not pacifism in the sense of refusing violence under any circumstance, or as amoral exhortation, but in the sense of building institutions that can help the preservation of peace,” he said. “The United Nations and its charter, at least as it was originally conceived, is probably the best example of such an institution.” Bricmont made a strong defense of the principle of national sovereignty, saying that the necessary respect for the principle means that “the ultimate sovereign of each nation state is the people of that state, whose right to replace unjust governments cannot be taken over by supposedly benevolent outsiders.” It was a theme that other speakers touched on, too. Several speakers called for NATO and the EU to be disbanded, while Bissett called on NATO leaders to publicly reassert Article 1 – i.e. that the alliance would “refrain from the threat or use of force in any manner inconsistent with the purposes of the United Nations.” SEE MORE: ЗАШТО? WHY? Stories of bombed Yugoslavia


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